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History of the Institute

In 1921 – 1922, Akhmet Baitursynov as the first Chairman of Commissariat of National Education laid the foundation of the development of science in Kazakhstan within the framework of academic institutes.

The base of the Academy of Sciences was created in 1932, the Institute of national culture created in 1934 was included into its first structure in 1936.

The sectors of this Institute (of language, folk art and history) were included into the Kazakh branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1938.

The Institute of Language, Literature and History was founded in 1941.

In 1945, the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography and the Institute of Language and Literature (in 1946) were created on the basis of the Institute of Language, Literature and History.

In 1961, the Institute of Linguistics and the Institute of Literature and Art were created on the basis of the Institute of Language and Literature.

Akhmet Baitursynov (1873 – 1938) was the first scientific linguist, the spiritual leader of the Kazakh intellectuals, the author of the transition of the Kazakh language to the Arab script; he  is known in the world as “Baitursynov’s phenomenon”. The name of the especially outstanding public figure, linguist, educator Akhmet Baitursynov was appropriated to the Institute of Linguistics on February 26, 1990.

Kanysh Imantayevich Satpayev (1899 – 1964) was an academician of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the founder of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan and its first President.

Ismet Kenesbayev (1907-1995) was a Doctor of Philology, an academician of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan. In 1936 – 1939, he worked as a senior research associate in the Kazakh department of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR; in 1941 – 1951, he was a vice-president of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan; in 1951 – 1961, he was a chief researcher at the Institute of Language and Literature, the head of the department. He became the first Director of the Institute of Linguistics in 1961. He was an adviser of the Board of the Academy of Sciences of RK since 1988 until his death.

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